Roane County Court Records Index
Roane County Chancery Book: 1824 - 1845
Roane County Circuit Court Witness Docket Book For 1820
Types of Cases Heard in the Courts after 1834
County Court: Appointment of administrators and guardians; reports of same; wills proved; widow's provisions laid off; road crews appointed; apprentices bound; wildcat/wolf bounties paid; paupers and "idiots" provided for; taxes adjusted.
Circuit Court: (Heard cases of LAW -- where laws had been broken and guilt or innocence was to be decided.) Civil Cases include debt, divorce, assault. State/Criminal Cases include theft, gambling, fighting, murder, bastardy.
Chancery Court: (Heard cases of EQUITY -- disputes in which court had to decide what would be fair to all parties.) Estate disputes; land and slave ownership disputes; business partnership dissolutions; division of property in divorces; incompetency rebuttals; claims against public officials.
Prepared by Charles Sherrill, 1996 and taken from:
COURTS WHERE TENNESSEE COURT CASES WERE TRIED
|TIME PERIOD||TYPE OF CASE||COURT|
|1796-1809||Any minor matter||Court of Common Pleas & Quarter Sessions|
|Any larger matter; all appeals||Superior Courts of Law & Equity|
|1809-1834||Any minor matter||Court of Pleas|
|Larger law cases||Circuit Court|
|Larger equity cases||Supreme Court (see 1822-1834 also)|
|Appeals of law cases||Supreme Court|
|1822-1834||Larger Equity Cases||Chancery Division of Supreme Court|
|Business matters only (not disputes)||County Court|
Any law case
|Circuit Court (which divided into Civil & Criminal courts in some places after 1847. Criminal heard "State" cases and Civil heard cases between individuals.)|
|Any equity case||Chancery Court|
|Appeals of all cases||Supreme Court|