Roane County Court Records Index

Research Room

Roane County Chancery Book: 1824 - 1845

Roane County Circuit Court Witness Docket Book For 1820

Types of Cases Heard in the Courts after 1834

County Court: Appointment of administrators and guardians; reports of same; wills proved; widow's provisions laid off; road crews appointed; apprentices bound; wildcat/wolf bounties paid; paupers and "idiots" provided for; taxes adjusted.

Circuit Court: (Heard cases of LAW -- where laws had been broken and guilt or innocence was to be decided.) Civil Cases include debt, divorce, assault. State/Criminal Cases include theft, gambling, fighting, murder, bastardy.

Chancery Court: (Heard cases of EQUITY -- disputes in which court had to decide what would be fair to all parties.) Estate disputes; land and slave ownership disputes; business partnership dissolutions; division of property in divorces; incompetency rebuttals; claims against public officials.

Prepared by Charles Sherrill, 1996  and taken from:
COURTS WHERE TENNESSEE COURT CASES WERE TRIED

TIME PERIOD TYPE OF CASE COURT
1796-1809 Any minor matter Court of Common Pleas & Quarter Sessions

Any larger matter; all appeals Superior Courts of Law & Equity
1809-1834 Any minor matter Court of Pleas

Larger law cases Circuit Court

Larger equity cases Supreme Court (see 1822-1834 also)

Appeals of law cases Supreme Court
1822-1834 Larger Equity Cases Chancery Division of Supreme Court

1834-present

Business matters only (not disputes) County Court

Any law case

Circuit Court (which divided into Civil & Criminal courts in some places after 1847. Criminal heard "State" cases and Civil heard cases between individuals.)

Any equity case Chancery Court

Appeals of all cases Supreme Court