IN THE TOWN OF CARDIFF
From: The Chattanooga Daily Times, Friday, 18 Jul 1890.
Force of Men At Work on the New Furnace. Plant of the Best Pattern--Sites for Homes--Freedom From Accidents--Religious--Summer's Backbone Broken--Old Homesteads.
Cardiff, Tenn., July 17.--[Special.]--A force of men is busy on the excavations for Furnace No. 1, which is to be a short distance east of block 95, and on the main line of the Cincinnati Southern railroad. This furnace will be 16 feet bosh(?), 75 feet high, wrought iron shell and mounted on eight columns. There will be three fire brick stoves 19 feet in diameter and 70 feet high, of the latest modifications, of the Siemens-Cowper-Cochrane stove, capable of heating 20,000 cubic feet of air to 1,500 degrees. There will be two blowing engines with blowing cylIndexr 7 feet in diameter, and 5 feet stroke, developing about 900 horse power, to supply the blast for the furnace. This furnace will be very nearly like the Anniston, Ala. furnace and the same size as the famous Thomas furnace in Birmingham. There will be five sets of boilers, capable of developing 1,200 horse power. The engine house will be of brick and the stock and cast house of wrought iron.
Cardiff presents a diversity of sites for the home-builder. The range of choice is a wide one, and no matter which way we may go there will be found pleasant locations for homes. Cool and shaded retreats, commanding and loft elevations, smooth and level plats, near or far removed from the busy streets--any choice can be made. The residence portion of the city surrounds the business center, and one cannot go amiss in any direction.
No particular section of the town site leads in pleasant homes; each side of the valley seems to have an even representation. A very nice class of houses has been erected, and all are modern in style and well arranged. Cardiff does not boast any picturesque ruins or ancient, weather-beaten, moss-covered antiquities--everything is new, clean and wholesome.
Cardiff is modern. Cardiff is progressive and in most things, aggressive.
However, an exception can be taken to the foregoing paragraph for there are in Cardiff and close to the business center two old Southern mansions, the HEMBREE and old McElwee homesteads. Built long before the war they possess all the peculiarities of old Southern architecture. Plantations, they are called here, and they were of extensive acreage. The HEMBREE homestead will be torn down as it stands in the way of the march of progress, but the McElwee may stand for some time yet.
The disciple of Isaac Walton will find in Tennessee river all the sport he can desire. Local fishermen show some huge catches in Cardiff, and their strings show a variety of game and handsome fish. The hunter will find on the mountains about Cardiff a variety of game birds as well as four-footed prey.
No serious or fatal accident has occurred either in Cardiff proper or at the mines. Considering the extent of all kinds of operations here and the number of men employed the record is remarkable. A few minor accidents is the extent of the injuries to Cardiff's population. It is also worthy of note that there have been no disturbances of any kind and peace and good order have prevailed.
The day is not very far off when Cardiff by force of her natural advantages will become a summer health resort, not only for people from States south of Tennessee, but from the North as well. One has but to live here through the summer to fully appreciate all the advantages of this climate, and to unlearn all that has been heralded about the hot South. There is health and strength in every breath, and in the pure air of these mountains lurks no malaria, fever and kindred ailments.
The Cardiff school will open the last of this month with Miss Ella RANKIN in charge. A large attendance of pupils is expected.
Union religious services are held in Cardiff every Sunday. Sunday evening a song praise service is held in the Exposition hall, many voices joining in the exercises.
What is known as Shoaletown is in the throes of evolution. In the place of the cheap building, fine business structures are being erected.
An invitation has been received here from the secretary of the Louisville Commercial club inviting the September excurtionsts to Cardiff, to visit Louisville as the guests of that city.
The Patterson house register each day, shows a goodly enrollment of transient guests. Each day sees the number increase.
The back-bone of summer is broken, the middle of July is passed and from now henceforth there will be quickening all along the line of travel.